ironclad - Übersetzung ins Deutsch und Definition. Was bedeutet und wie sagt man "ironclad" auf Deutsch? - sicher, eisern, absolut stichhaltig; gepanzert; das. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "ironclad" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung für 'ironclad' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. <
Englisch-Deutsch Übersetzung für "ironclad"sharepointmaturity.com | Übersetzungen für 'ironclad' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Übersetzung für 'ironclad' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für iron-clad im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion.
Ironclad Deutsch "ironclad" auf Deutsch VideoGreatest Mysteries of the Civil War: The Lost Ironclads and Submarines
Ironclad Deutsch er 30 ist, at Ironclad Deutsch time? - Beispiele aus dem Internet (nicht von der PONS Redaktion geprüft)Beispiele für die Übersetzung eiserne ansehen Adjektiv 3 Beispiele mit Eleanor Und Colette.
Guy Siner. Vladimir Kulich. Jamie Foreman. Bree Condon. Aneurin Barnard. Daniel O'Meara. Jonathan English. Lorne Balfe. Stephen McDool.
Erick Kastel. David Eggby. Evan Astrowsky. Fragen und Antworten. Recent Searches. Warrior ' s Armstrong guns suffered from both problems; the shells were unable to penetrate the 4.
Similar problems were experienced with the breech-loading guns which became standard in the French and German navies. These problems influenced the British to equip ships with muzzle-loading weapons of increasing power until the s.
After a brief introduction of pounder or 9. The decision to retain muzzle-loaders until the s has been criticised by historians. However, at least until the late s, the British muzzle-loaders had superior performance in terms of both range and rate of fire than the French and Prussian breech-loaders, which suffered from the same problems as had the first Armstrong guns.
From onwards, the balance between breech- and muzzle-loading changed. Captain de Bange invented a method of reliably sealing a breech, adopted by the French in Just as compellingly, the growing size of naval guns made muzzle-loading much more complicated.
With guns of such size there was no prospect of hauling in the gun for re-loading, or even re-loading by hand, and complicated hydraulic systems were required for re-loading the gun outside the turret without exposing the crew to enemy fire.
The calibre and weight of guns could only increase so far. The larger the gun, the slower it would be to load, the greater the stresses on the ship's hull, and the less the stability of the ship.
The size of the gun peaked in the s, with some of the heaviest calibres of gun ever used at sea.
American ordnance experts accordingly preferred smoothbore monsters whose round shot could at least 'skip' along the surface of the water.
Actual effective combat ranges, they had learned during the Civil War, were comparable to those in the Age of Sail—though a vessel could now be smashed to pieces in only a few rounds.
Smoke and the general chaos of battle only added to the problem. As a result, many naval engagements in the 'Age of the Ironclad' were still fought at ranges within easy eyesight of their targets, and well below the maximum reach of their ships' guns.
Another method of increasing firepower was to vary the projectile fired or the nature of the propellant. Early ironclads used black powder , which expanded rapidly after combustion; this meant cannons had relatively short barrels, to prevent the barrel itself slowing the shell.
The sharpness of the black powder explosion also meant that guns were subjected to extreme stress. One important step was to press the powder into pellets, allowing a slower, more controlled explosion and a longer barrel.
A further step forward was the introduction of chemically different brown powder which combusted more slowly again. It also put less stress on the insides of the barrel, allowing guns to last longer and to be manufactured to tighter tolerances.
The development of smokeless powder , based on nitroglycerine or nitrocellulose, by the French inventor Paul Vielle in was a further step allowing smaller charges of propellant with longer barrels.
The nature of the projectiles also changed during the ironclad period. Initially, the best armor-piercing projectile was a solid cast-iron shot.
Later, shot of chilled iron , a harder iron alloy, gave better armor-piercing qualities. Eventually the armor-piercing shell was developed.
The first British, French and Russian ironclads, in a logical development of warship design from the long preceding era of wooden ships of the line , carried their weapons in a single line along their sides and so were called " broadside ironclads".
Because their armor was so heavy, they could only carry a single row of guns along the main deck on each side rather than a row on each deck.
A significant number of broadside ironclads were built in the s, principally in Britain and France, but in smaller numbers by other powers including Italy, Austria, Russia and the United States.
Broadside armament also had disadvantages, which became more serious as ironclad technology developed. Heavier guns to penetrate ever-thicker armor meant that fewer guns could be carried.
Furthermore, the adoption of ramming as an important tactic meant the need for ahead and all-round fire.
There were two main design alternatives to the broadside. In one design, the guns were placed in an armored casemate amidships: this arrangement was called the 'box-battery' or 'centre-battery'.
In the other, the guns could be placed on a rotating platform to give them a broad field of fire; when fully armored, this arrangement was called a turret and when partially armored or unarmored, a barbette.
The centre-battery was the simpler and, during the s and s, the more popular method. Concentrating guns amidships meant the ship could be shorter and handier than a broadside type.
Centre-battery ships often, but not always, had a recessed freeboard enabling some of their guns to fire directly ahead. The turret was first used in naval combat on the USS Monitor in , with a type of turret designed by the Swedish engineer John Ericsson.
A competing turret design was proposed by the British inventor Cowper Coles with a prototype of this installed on HMS Trusty in for testing and evaluation purposes.
Ericsson's turret turned on a central spindle, and Coles's turned on a ring of bearings. The fire arc of a turret would be considerably limited by masts and rigging, so they were unsuited to use on the earlier ocean-going ironclads.
The second problem was that turrets were extremely heavy. Ericsson was able to offer the heaviest possible turret guns and armor protection by deliberately designing a ship with very low freeboard.
The weight thus saved from having a high broadside above the waterline was diverted to actual guns and armor.
Low freeboard, however, also meant a smaller hull and therefore a smaller capacity for coal storage—and therefore range of the vessel. In many respects, the turreted, low-freeboard Monitor and the broadside sailer HMS Warrior represented two opposite extremes in what an 'Ironclad' was all about.
The most dramatic attempt to compromise these two extremes, or 'squaring this circle', was designed by Captain Cowper Phipps Coles: HMS Captain , a dangerously low freeboard turret ship which nevertheless carried a full rig of sail, and which subsequently capsized not long after her launch in A lighter alternative to the turret, particularly popular with the French navy, was the barbette.
These were fixed armored towers which held a gun on a turntable. The crew was sheltered from direct fire, but vulnerable to plunging fire , for instance from shore emplacements.
The barbette was lighter than the turret, needing less machinery and no roof armor—though nevertheless some barbettes were stripped of their armor plate to reduce the top-weight of their ships.
The barbette became widely adopted in the s, and with the addition of an armored 'gun-house', transformed into the turrets of the pre-Dreadnought battleships.
The ironclad age saw the development of explosive torpedoes as naval weapons, which helped complicate the design and tactics of ironclad fleets.
The first torpedoes were static mines , used extensively in the American Civil War. That conflict also saw the development of the spar torpedo , an explosive charge pushed against the hull of a warship by a small boat.
For the first time, a large warship faced a serious threat from a smaller one—and given the relative inefficiency of shellfire against ironclads, the threat from the spar torpedo was taken seriously.
Navy converted four of its monitors to become turretless armored spar-torpedo vessels while under construction in —5, but these vessels never saw action.
A more practical and influential weapon was the self-propelled or Whitehead torpedo. Invented in and deployed in the s, the Whitehead torpedo formed part of the armament of ironclads of the s like HMS Inflexible and the Italian Caio Duilio and Enrico Dandolo.
The ironclad's vulnerability to the torpedo was a key part of the critique of armored warships made by the Jeune Ecole school of naval thought; it appeared that any ship armored enough to prevent destruction by gunfire would be slow enough to be easily caught by torpedo.
In practice, however, the Jeune Ecole was only briefly influential and the torpedo formed part of the confusing mixture of weapons possessed by ironclads.
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Übersetzung für "ironclad" im Deutsch. Adjektiv Substantiv. Beispiele für die Übersetzung wasserdicht ansehen Adjektiv 10 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen.
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The way they hold their hands reminds of the typical gesture of ironclad medieval knights we can see on old canvases.
Alle männlichen und weiblichen Figuren auf den Fotografien blicken ernst in die Kamera. Die Art, wie sie ihre Hände halten, erinnert an die typische Geste der eisenbewehrten mittelalterlichen Ritter, wie sie auf alten Gemälden abgebildet sind.
Das Arrangement der Objekte im Hintergrund und um sie herum, die Abfolge der Kostüme sowie die Phasen der Verwandlung der Person von einem echten Menschen in ein reines Symbol und ein Phantasma folgen einer ausgeklügelten zeitlichen Linie.
She drives fearlessly forward with amazing self-possession, armed principally with ironclad conviction and a musical freshness that points to an astonishing maturity.
Be it a wailing guitar solo or her warm, round voice, she goes for it and sticks every landing. Seit ihrer Entdeckung Anfang lebt diese jährige Französin ihren Traum aus.
Sie stürzt hemmungslos voran mit einer Selbstsicherheit, einer Überzeugung und einer Frische gewappnet, die auf eine überraschende Reife hinweisen. Vom nervösen Gitarrensolo bis zum warmen, runden Gesang scheint ihr alles zu gelingen.
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Sie zeigt, wie sehr wir von der Qualität unserer Produkte überzeugt sind. But just as C Major, the dominant, must resolve into the tonic with ironclad determination, the actual main theme in F Minor must follow.
The plaintive character of this melody determines the entire spirit of the Ballade; www. Doch wie sich C-Dur als Dominante mit eiserner Konsequenz in die Tonika auflösen muss, folgt das eigentliche Hauptthema in f-Moll.Zum Glück wurde Mumia dadurch geschützt, dass er ein wasserdichtes Alibi Batman Lego Movie Stream. Reverso für Windows Kostenlos Laden Sie unserer kostenlos App. Build railways to move troops at lightning speed, and direct your iron-clad ships to bombard the enemy with powerful cannon from the safety of the open sea. An ironclad is a steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates, which were predominantly constructed from to the early s. The ironclad was developed as a result of the vulnerability of wooden warships to explosive or incendiary shells. Ironclad is a British action adventure war film directed by Jonathan sharepointmaturity.comn by English and Erick Kastel, based on a screenplay by Stephen McDool, the cast includes James Purefoy, Brian Cox, Kate Mara, Paul Giamatti, Vladimir Kulich, Mackenzie Crook, Jason Flemyng, Derek Jacobi, and Charles Dance. sharepointmaturity.com | Übersetzungen für 'ironclad' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Ironclad® Work Gloves View Work Glove Collection. Ironclad® Tactical Gloves View Tactical Collection. KONG® Impact Gloves View KONG. Ironclad's contract management software is the only solution that lets companies design and deploy any type or complexity contract on their own, in minutes. Ironclad's digital contract platform is the only solution that lets legal teams design and deploy any type of contract process on their own, in minutes.